It is interesting to note that if the Pakistani army first lent its costume, then the Pakistani army would have reached there before India. Thanks to the Indian intelligence service. Despite the high costs, India maintains its presence, as Pakistani control over Siachen would allow them to set up radars and monitor all Indian air force activities in Ladakh. It would also bring together the Chinese and Pakistani fronts and allow them to launch a combined attack on India in the event of conflict. It saves the Indian army high costs for the construction of defence infrastructure in the Nubura Valley. While there is much at stake for India, Pakistan cannot be threatened by Indian control of Siachen, as the terrain does not allow India to launch an offensive against Pakistan, but Pakistan`s ability to defend its territorial rights is a major issue. 1999 Kargil was also an attempt to limit the supply route to Ladakh and Siachen. The conflict in Siachen stems from the incomplete area on the map beyond the coordinate of maps nJ9842 (35-00`N 77-00`32`E / 35.08371 N 77.008805 E / 35.008371; 77.008805). The 1949 Karachi Accords and the 1972 Simla Accords did not clearly mention who controlled the glacier, but merely mentioned that the Cease Fire Line (CFL) ended at NJ9842.

[20] UN officials considered that there would be no dispute between India and Pakistan over such a cold and arid region. [21] India`s selfish interest in the conflict has also been the main cause of the problem. Because of its strategic position, India wants to conquer K.2. He also wants to go to the Karakorum highway and intervene between Pak-China relations. Even an Indian army official said the glacier was not only strategic, but also a “5,000 square kilometre water reservoir” of the future. It is also proven that in April 1984, India conquered Saltroo Ridge and two important passes conquered by Sia La (6160m) and Bilafond La (5550m) in the Pakistan region. It also aimed to go further towards the K.2, but the Pakistani army became an obstacle to its objective. Soon, the entire glacier was secured, in an operation called Meghdoot. Lieutenant-General Chibber wrote in an official note: “The two main passports have been closed.

The enemy was completely surprised and an area of about 3,300 km2, shown illegally as part of PoK on maps published by Pak and USA, were now under our control. The enemy had been anticipated in his attempt to occupy the territory they claimed. The glacier is always busy. After the ceasefire brokered by the United Nations in 1949, the border between India and Pakistan was demarcated to point NJ9842 at the foot of the Siachen Glacier. The lands largely inaccessible beyond this point have not been demarcated[20] but have been demarcated from the north to the glaciers of Article B 2, point d), of the Karachi Agreement. In the 1970s and early 1980s, several mountaineer expeditions applied to Pakistan for high peaks in the Siachens region, thanks in part to the U.S. Defense Mapping Agency and most of the other maps and atlases showing it on the Pakistani side of the route. Pakistan has granted a number of authorizations. This, in turn, reinforced Pakistan`s claims to the area, since these expeditions arrived on the glacier with the permission of the Pakistani government. Teram Kangri I (7,465 m) and Teram Kangri II (7,406 m) were ridden in 1975 by a Japanese expedition led by H. Katayama, who approached by the Bilafond La by Pakistan. [29] The first public recognition of the manoeuvring and development of the conflict situation in the Siachen was an abbreviated article entitled “High Politics in Karakorum” by Joydeep Sircar in The Telegraph of Calcutta in 1982.

[31] The full text was reprinted in 1984 in the “Oropolitics” in the Alpine Journal of London. [32] April 1984 Operation Meghdoot: Indian Army under the leadership of Lt.