ISTANBUL/ANKARA (Reuters) – Libya`s internationally recognized government and Turkey have signed an agreement on maritime borders in the Mediterranean that could complicate Ankara`s disputes over energy exploration with other countries. “If Turkey can sign formal agreements with the internationally recognized government, it will be able to guarantee a share of Libyan oil,” he said. Ibrahim Kalon, spokesman for the Turkish president, said Sarraj`s decision to resign would not affect the country`s cooperation and agreements with Turkey. “These agreements will not be affected by this political process because they are decisions made by governments and not by individuals,” Kalon said. The legitimacy and legal consequences of the agreement have been challenged by a number of states in the region as well as by the European Union. According to the European Union, the agreement “violates the sovereign rights of third countries, is not in accordance with the law of the sea and cannot have legal consequences for third countries.” [3] Cyprus and Egypt both considered the agreement “illegal”, while Greece considers it “unconfessed” and “geographically absurd” because it ignores the presence of the islands of Crete, Kasos, Karpathos, Kastellorizo and Rhodes between the Turkish and Libyan coasts. [4] Josep Borrell, Vice-President of the European Commission, said that the agreement signed by Turkey and Libya violated third countries and did not comply with the law of the sea. [13] The President of the Republic of Cyprus, Nicos Anastasiades, wanted to create a diplomatic movement to annihilate the agreement between Libya and Turkey. He also stated that this movement would not include any military options. [14] Greece challenged the UN and denounced the Libyan ambassador in response to the agreement, furious at a pact that bypasses the Greek island of Crete and violates its continental shelf. [15] Under the agreement, Turkey and the UN-recognized government witnessed increased cooperation in Libya. This cooperation ranges from Turkey`s offshore exploration efforts to the government`s support of the National Agreement, to the ongoing Libyan civil war (2014-present). [22] As the issues arising from the dispute are still evolving, the full consequences of this maritime conflict are not yet foreseeable.

The Israeli perspective of the Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs comments that the agreement does not give sovereignty to Turkey and Libya over the claimed waters. [16] In addition, it is said that third countries have been kept in the dark about the agreement between Libya and Turkey, raising questions about its legitimacy. [16] The agreement between Turkey and Libya was signed by Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Libyan Presidential Council President Fayiz`s-Serrac in November.